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Kansas (engl. Aussprache Zum Anhören bitte klicken! Abspielen [ˈkʰænzəs]) ist ein im Kansas hat den Beinamen Sunflower State (Sonnenblumenstaat). Seit dieser Zeit versuchte die US-Regierung, Indianer in Land westlich des. Topeka ist die Hauptstadt des US-Bundesstaates Kansas und County Seat des Shawnee Nachdem Topeka zur Hauptstadt bestimmt worden war, wurde mit dem Bau des Kansas State Capitol begonnen. Während des Amerikanischen​. Kansas ist ein US-Bundesstaat im Mittleren Westens der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika. Kansas in United subsidiegevelisolatie.nl Flagge. Kansas state subsidiegevelisolatie.nl Bei einer Führung durch das erbaute Kansas State Capitol könnt ihr die Binnenstaat liegt, wurden drei Schiffe der US-Marine nach der Stadt benannt. US-Präsidenten Dwight D. Eisenhower. Manhattan, Heimat der Kansas State University, liegt in den Flint Hills – ein Landstrich, in dem sich zwischen den.

Ks State In Us

US-Präsidenten Dwight D. Eisenhower. Manhattan, Heimat der Kansas State University, liegt in den Flint Hills – ein Landstrich, in dem sich zwischen den. Bei einer Führung durch das erbaute Kansas State Capitol könnt ihr die Binnenstaat liegt, wurden drei Schiffe der US-Marine nach der Stadt benannt. Das gegründete Manhattan ist Sitz der Kansas State University, einer der bekannteren Universitäten der US, die die Stadt prägt. Sehenswert ist auch das.

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Top 10 reasons NOT to move to Kansas. Fun Wizard of Oz fact too. subsidiegevelisolatie.nl: Küchen- und Haushaltsartikel online - 3dRose QS _ 4 Flagge von Kansas US American State Vereinigten. Das gegründete Manhattan ist Sitz der Kansas State University, einer der bekannteren Universitäten der US, die die Stadt prägt. Sehenswert ist auch das. He was first elected in Election results. General election. [hide]U.S. Senate, Kansas General Election, Jetzt die Vektorgrafik Kansas State Capitol Topeka United States Of America herunterladen. Und durchsuchen Sie die Bibliothek von iStock mit lizenzfreier. Auf dieser Website werden zur Verbesserung der Funktionalität und des Leistungsverhaltens Cookies eingesetzt. Siedler erschlossen das Kansas Territory schnell, teils auf eigene Faust, Green And Black mit Hilfe von Ansiedlungsgesellschaften z. Abgerufen am Deutschsprecher waren schon mit den ersten nicht-indianischen Siedlern nach Am Sandtorkai 50 20457 Hamburg gekommen. Bisher wurde kein Häftling hingerichtet. Commons Wikinews. Sie haben diese Datei Casino Stuttgart Mohringen heruntergeladen. Der Westen des Bundesstaates ist wesentlich trockener. Das Staatsparlament in Kansas hat zwei KammernSenat und Repräsentantenhausdie momentan beide stark republikanisch dominiert sind. Go Wild Casino Mac it was officially opened to settlement by the U. Thus, the area was a hotbed of violence and chaos in its early days as these forces collided, and was known as Bleeding Kansas. It is home to Johnson County Community College and the corporate campus of Sprint Nextelthe largest private employer in the metro area. Archived from the original on October 8, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, p. United States Geological Survey. Archived from the original on February 2, Built at a Kansas Spielstation Standorte crossing along the old Oregon Trailthis historic city has several nationally registered historic places. Premier L 23, American Association.

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Further westward along Interstate 70 and the Kansas River is Junction City with its historic limestone and brick buildings and nearby Fort Riley , well known as the home to the U.

A short distance away, the city of Manhattan is home to Kansas State University , the second-largest public university in the state and the nation's oldest land-grant university, dating back to South of the campus, Aggieville dates back to and is the state's oldest shopping district of its kind.

In south-central Kansas, the Wichita metropolitan area is home to more than , people. Wichita's population growth has grown by double digits and the surrounding suburbs are among the fastest growing cities in the state.

Wichita was one of the first cities to add the city commissioner and city manager in their form of government. Up river the Arkansas River from Wichita is the city of Hutchinson.

The city was built on one of the world's largest salt deposits, and it has the world's largest and longest wheat elevator.

North of Wichita along Interstate is the city of Newton , the former western terminal of the Santa Fe Railroad and trailhead for the famed Chisholm Trail.

The city of Udall was the site of the deadliest tornado in Kansas on May 25, ; it killed 80 people in and near the city.

Located midway between Kansas City, Topeka, and Wichita in the heart of the Bluestem Region of the Flint Hills , the city of Emporia has several nationally registered historic places and is the home of Emporia State University , well known for its Teachers College.

It was also the home of newspaper man William Allen White. Southeast Kansas has a unique history with a number of nationally registered historic places in this coal-mining region.

The neighboring city of Frontenac in was the site of the worst mine disaster in the state in which an underground explosion killed 47 miners.

Along with the restored fort, historic Fort Scott has a national cemetery designated by President Lincoln in Salina is the largest city in central and north-central Kansas.

South of Salina is the small city of Lindsborg with its numerous Dala horses. Much of the architecture and decor of this town has a distinctly Swedish style.

To the east along Interstate 70 , the historic city of Abilene was formerly a trailhead for the Chisholm Trail and was the boyhood home of President Dwight D.

Eisenhower , and is the site of his Presidential Library and the tombs of the former President, First Lady and son who died in infancy.

Westward along the Interstate, the city of Russell , traditionally the beginning of sparsely-populated northwest Kansas, was the base of former U.

Senator Bob Dole and the boyhood home of U. Senator Arlen Specter. The city of Hays is home to Fort Hays State University and the Sternberg Museum of Natural History, and is the largest city in the northwest with a population of around 20, Dodge City , famously known for the cattle drive days of the late 19th century, was built along the old Santa Fe Trail route.

The city of Liberal is located along the southern Santa Fe Trail route. The first wind farm in the state was built east of Montezuma.

Garden City has the Lee Richardson Zoo. In , a short-lived secessionist movement advocated the secession of several counties in southwest Kansas.

Total Employment of the metropolitan areas in the State of Kansas by total Non-farm Employment in [66]. Total Number of employer establishments in 74, [68].

As of , there were 59, farms in Kansas, 86 0. By far, the most significant agricultural crop in the state is wheat.

Eastern Kansas is part of the Grain Belt , an area of major grain production in the central United States. The industrial outputs are transportation equipment, commercial and private aircraft, food processing, publishing, chemical products, machinery, apparel, petroleum, and mining.

Kansas is ranked eighth in US petroleum production. Production has experienced a steady, natural decline as it becomes increasingly difficult to extract oil over time.

Since oil prices bottomed in , oil production in Kansas has remained fairly constant, with an average monthly rate of about 2.

The recent higher prices have made carbon dioxide sequestration and other oil recovery techniques more economical. Kansas is also ranked eighth in US natural gas production.

Production has steadily declined since the mids with the gradual depletion of the Hugoton Natural Gas Field —the state's largest field which extends into Oklahoma and Texas.

In , slower declines in the Hugoton gas fields and increased coalbed methane production contributed to a smaller overall decline. The state's economy is also heavily influenced by the aerospace industry.

Boeing ended a decades-long history of manufacturing in Kansas between and Telephone company Embarq formerly had its national headquarters in Overland Park before its acquisition by CenturyTel in , and still employs several hundred people in Gardner.

Approximately 25, active duty soldiers and airmen are stationed at these bases which also employ approximately 8, civilian DoD employees. The US Army Reserve also has the st Expeditionary Sustainment Command headquartered in Wichita that serves reservists and their units from around the region.

The Smoky Hill Weapons Range, a detachment of the Intelligence Wing, is one of the largest and busiest bombing ranges in the nation.

Many of those airfields live on today as municipal airports. Tax is collected by the Kansas Department of Revenue. Some increase in debt was expected as the state continues with its year Comprehensive Transportation Program enacted in In , Kansas had three income brackets for income tax calculation, ranging from 3.

The state sales tax in Kansas is 6. Various cities and counties in Kansas have an additional local sales tax.

Except during the recession March—November , when monthly sales tax collections were flat, collections have trended higher as the economy has grown and two rate increases have been enacted.

The state sales tax is a combined destination-based tax, meaning a single tax is applied that includes state, county, and local taxes, and the rate is based on where the consumer takes possession of the goods or services.

Thanks to the destination structure and the numerous local special taxing districts, Kansas has separate sales tax rates ranging from 6. All sales tax collected is remitted to the state department of revenue, and local taxes are then distributed to the various taxing agencies.

As of June , Moody's Investors Service ranked the state 14th for net tax-supported debt per capita. As a percentage of personal income, it was at 3.

The state has a statutory requirement to maintain cash reserves of at least 7. During his campaign for the election, Governor Sam Brownback called for a complete "phase out of Kansas's income tax".

He made cuts to education and some state services to offset lost revenue. From to , , businesses were considered to be pass-through income entities and benefited from the tax exemption.

The tax reform "encouraged tens of thousands of Kansans to claim their wages and salaries as income from a business rather than from employment.

The economic growth that Brownback anticipated never materialized. He argued that it was because of "low wheat and oil prices and a downturn in aircraft sales".

Only 26 percent of Kansas voters approved of his job performance, compared to 65 percent who said they did not. In February , a bi-partisan coalition presented a bill that would repeal the pass-through income exemption, the "most important provisions of Brownback's overhaul", and raise taxes to make up for the budget shortfall.

Brownback vetoed the bill but "45 GOP legislators had voted in favor of the increase, while 40 voted to uphold the governor's veto.

Spur routes serve as connections between the two major routes. I , a north—south route, connects I at Wichita to I at Salina.

I , a southwest—northeast route, connects I at Emporia to I at Topeka. I and portions of I and I make up the Kansas Turnpike.

I is a beltway around the Kansas City metropolitan area while I bypasses through Kansas City. Kansas also has the country's third largest state highway system after Texas and California.

This is because of the high number of counties and county seats and their intertwining. Weather and road condition information is updated every 15 minutes.

Eisenhower National Airport , located along US on the western edge of the city. For those in the far western part of the state, Denver International Airport is a popular option.

Plans call for shortening the route to Los Angeles to Albuquerque. Thruway buses would replace the train on the route between Albuquerque and Dodge City, where train service east to Chicago would resume.

Executive branch : The executive branch consists of one officer and five elected officers. The governor and lieutenant governor are elected on the same ticket.

The attorney general, secretary of state, state treasurer, and state insurance commissioner are each elected separately.

Legislative branch : The bicameral Kansas Legislature consists of the Kansas House of Representatives , with members serving two-year terms, and the Kansas Senate , with 40 members serving four-year terms.

Judicial branch : The judicial branch of the state government is headed by the Kansas Supreme Court. The court has seven judges.

A vacancy is filled by the Governor picking one of three nominees selected by the nine-member Kansas Supreme Court Nominating Commission.

The board consists of five Kansas lawyers elected by other Kansas lawyers and four members selected by the governor. Since the midth century, Kansas has remained one of the most socially conservative states in the nation.

The s brought the defeat of prominent Democrats, including Dan Glickman , and the Kansas State Board of Education 's decision to eliminate evolution from the state teaching standards, a decision that was later reversed.

The next year, the state passed a law setting a minimum age for marriage at 15 years. Kansas has a history of many firsts in legislative initiatives—it was the first state to institute a system of workers' compensation and to regulate the securities industry Kansas also permitted women's suffrage in , almost a decade before the federal constitution was amended to require it.

Constitution in The council—manager government model was adopted by many larger Kansas cities in the years following World War I while many American cities were being run by political machines or organized crime , notably the Pendergast Machine in neighboring Kansas City, Missouri.

Kansas was also at the center of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka , a Supreme Court decision that banned racially segregated schools throughout the U.

Dewey in and , respectively. Kansas also supported Dewey in despite the presence of incumbent president Harry S. Johnson in In , Governor Kathleen Sebelius vetoed permits for the construction of new coal-fired energy plants in Kansas, saying: "We know that greenhouse gases contribute to climate change.

As an agricultural state, Kansas is particularly vulnerable. Therefore, reducing pollutants benefits our state not only in the short term—but also for generations of Kansans to come.

In , Sam Brownback was elected governor with 63 percent of the state vote. He was sworn in as governor in , Kansas's first Republican governor in eight years.

Brownback had established himself as a conservative member of the U. Hundreds rallied against the decision.

Historically, Kansas has been strongly Republican, dating from the Antebellum age when the Republican Party was created out of the movement opposing the extension of slavery into Kansas Territory.

Kansas has not elected a Democrat to the U. Senate since the election, when Franklin D. Roosevelt won his first term as President in the wake of the Great Depression.

This is the longest Senate losing streak for either party in a single state. Senator Sam Brownback was a candidate for the Republican party nomination for President in Brownback was not a candidate for re-election to a third full term in , but he was elected Governor in that year's general election.

Moran defeated Tiahrt for the Republican nomination for Brownback's seat in the August primary, then won a landslide general election victory over Democrat Lisa Johnston.

In , George W. The only two counties to support Democrat John Kerry in that election were Wyandotte , which contains Kansas City , and Douglas , home to the University of Kansas , located in Lawrence.

Abilene was the boyhood home to Republican president Dwight D. Eisenhower , and he maintained lifelong ties to family and friends there.

The New York Times reported in September that as the Democratic candidate for Senator has tried to drop out of the race, independent Greg Orman has attracted enough bipartisan support to seriously challenge the reelection bid of Republican Pat Roberts:.

The legal drinking age in Kansas is Although the sale of cereal malt beverage also known as 3. The following year the Legislature enacted the Liquor Control Act which created a system of regulating, licensing, and taxing, and the Division of Alcoholic Beverage Control ABC was created to enforce the act.

The power to regulate cereal malt beverage remains with the cities and counties. Liquor-by-the-drink did not become legal until passage of an amendment to the state's constitution in and additional legislation the following year.

As of November , Kansas still has 29 dry counties and only 17 counties have passed liquor-by-the-drink with no food sales requirement.

Education in Kansas is governed at the primary and secondary school level by the Kansas State Board of Education. The state's public colleges and universities are supervised by the Kansas Board of Regents.

Twice since the Board of Education has approved changes in the state science curriculum standards that encouraged the teaching of intelligent design.

Both times, the standards were reversed after changes in the composition of the board in the next election. The rock band Kansas was formed in the state capital of Topeka , the hometown of several of the band's members.

Joe Walsh , guitarist for the famous rock band the Eagles , was born in Wichita. Danny Carey , drummer for the band Tool , was raised in Paola.

Another song, the official state march adopted by the Kansas Legislature in is called The Kansas March , which features the lyrics, "Blue sky above us, silken strands of heat, Rim of the far horizon, where earth and heaven meet, Kansas as a temple, stands in velvet sod, Shrine which the sunshine, sanctifies to God.

The state's most famous appearance in literature was as the home of Dorothy Gale, the main character in the novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz Kansas was also the setting of the best-seller In Cold Blood , described by its author Truman Capote as a "nonfiction novel".

Mixing fact and fiction, the book chronicles the events and aftermath of the murder of a wealthy farmer and his family who lived in the small West Kansas town of Holcomb in Finney County.

The science fiction novella A Boy and His Dog , as well as the film based on it, [] take place in post-apocalyptic Topeka. The winner of the Newbery Medal for excellence in children's literature, Moon Over Manifest , tells the story of a young and adventurous girl named Abilene who is sent to the fictional town of Manifest, Kansas, by her father in the summer of It was written by Kansan Clare Vanderpool.

Lawrence is the setting for a number of science fiction writer James Gunn 's novels. The first film theater in Kansas was the Patee Theater in Lawrence.

Most theaters at the time showed films only as part of vaudeville acts but not as an exclusive and stand alone form of entertainment.

Though the Patee family had been involved in vaudeville , they believed films could carry the evening without other variety acts, but in order to show the films it was necessary for the Patee's to establish a generating plant back in Lawrence was not yet fully electrified.

The Patee Theater was one of the first of its kind west of the Mississippi River. The specialized equipment like the projector came from New York.

Kansas has been the setting of many award-winning and popular American films, as well as being the home of some of the oldest operating cinemas in the world.

The Plaza Cinema in Ottawa, Kansas, located in the northeastern portion of the state, was built on May 22, , and it is listed by the Guinness Book of World Records as the oldest operating cinema in the world.

Sporting Kansas City, who have played their home games at Village West in Kansas City , since , are the first top-tier professional sports league and first Major League Soccer team to be located within Kansas.

FC Kansas City , a charter member of the National Women's Soccer League , played the season , the first for both the team and the league, on the Kansas side of the metropolitan area, but played on the Missouri side until folding after the season.

Some Kansans, mostly from the westernmost parts of the state, support the professional sports teams of Denver , particularly the Denver Broncos of the NFL.

Two major auto racing facilities are located in Kansas. The history of professional sports in Kansas probably dates from the establishment of the minor league baseball Topeka Capitals and Leavenworth Soldiers in in the Western League.

Louis Browns the present-day Cardinals , by a score of 12—9. However, Topeka was unable to support the team, and it disbanded after one year.

The first night game in the history of professional baseball was played in Independence on April 28, when the Muscogee Oklahoma Indians beat the Independence Producers 13—3 in a minor league game sanctioned by the Western League of the Western Baseball Association with 1, fans attending the game.

The permanent lighting system was first used for an exhibition game on April 17, between the Independence Producers and House of David semi-professional baseball team of Benton Harbor, Michigan with the Independence team winning 9—1 before a crowd of 1, spectators.

While there are no franchises of the four major professional sports within the state, many Kansans are fans of the state's major college sports teams, especially the Jayhawks of the University of Kansas KU , and the Wildcats of Kansas State University KSU or "K-State".

The teams are rivals in the Big 12 Conference. Both KU and K-State have tradition-rich programs in men's basketball. The Jayhawks are a perennial national power, ranking second in all-time victories among NCAA programs, behind Kentucky.

The Jayhawks have won five national titles, including NCAA tournament championships in , , and They also were retroactively awarded national championships by the Helms Foundation for and K-State also had a long stretch of success on the hardwood, lasting from the s to the s, making four Final Fours during that stretch.

KU is fifth all-time with 15 Final Four appearances, while K-State's four appearances are tied for 17th. However, there have been recent breakthroughs for both schools' football teams.

The Jayhawks won the Orange Bowl for the first time in three tries in , capping a 12—1 season, the best in school history. And when Bill Snyder arrived to coach at K-State in , he turned the Wildcats from one of the worst college football programs in America, [] into a national force for most of the s and early s.

The team won the Fiesta Bowl in , achieved an undefeated 11—0 regular season and No. After three seasons in which K-State football languished, Snyder came out of retirement in and guided them to the top of the college football ranks again, finishing second in the Big 12 in and earning a berth in the Cotton Bowl , and winning the Big 12 again in In baseball, the Shockers won the College World Series in The school also fielded a football team from to The Shocker football team is tragically known for a plane crash in that killed 31 people, including 14 players.

Notable success has also been achieved by the state's smaller schools in football. PSU passed Hillsdale College at the top of the all-time victories list in the season on its march to the national runner-up finish.

The Gorillas, in 96 seasons of intercollegiate competition, have accumulated victories, posting a ——48 overall mark.

The Kansas Collegiate Athletic Conference has its roots as one of the oldest college sport conferences in existence and participates in the NAIA and all ten member schools are in the state of Kansas.

Many junior colleges also have active athletic programs. Retrieved March 12, Washington, D. January 1, A new and complete statistical gazetteer of the United States of America.

Colton and Company. Retrieved February 26, Retrieved January 7, NSG Standards Registry. Retrieved February 6, GMA News. October 28, Retrieved March 17, January 9, May 28, Archived from the original on July 5, Retrieved April 21, Accessed January 21, United States Postal Service.

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At KS StateBank, we are committed to excellence in banking, which we achieve by building trust in every relationship. Our experienced bankers work hard to earn and keep your trust through character, competence and the promise of exceptional service.

Our broad range of business, government finance and personal services can last you or your business a lifetime. We've come a long way since But some things haven't changed.

Like values. It's still about helping a neighbor. Believing in someone with big dreams. Retrieved March 3, University of Wisconsin Press.

December 30, Retrieved January 27, Census Bureau. Archived from the original on March 16, The land and water areas, United States Census Bureau.

Archived from the original PDF on October 17, These settlers attempted to sway votes in favor of slavery. The secondary settlement of Americans in Kansas Territory were abolitionists from Massachusetts and other Free-Staters , who attempted to stop the spread of slavery from neighboring Missouri.

Directly presaging the American Civil War , these forces collided, entering into skirmishes that earned the territory the name of Bleeding Kansas.

Kansas was admitted to the Union as a free state on January 29, , making it the 34th state to join the United States.

By that time, the violence in Kansas had largely subsided, but during the Civil War, on August 21, , William Quantrill led several hundred men on a raid into Lawrence , destroying much of the city and killing nearly people.

He was roundly condemned by both the conventional Confederate military and the partisan rangers commissioned by the Missouri legislature.

His application to that body for a commission was flatly rejected due to his pre-war criminal record. After the Civil War, many veterans constructed homesteads in Kansas.

Many African Americans also looked to Kansas as the land of " John Brown " and, led by freedmen like Benjamin "Pap" Singleton , began establishing black colonies in the state.

Leaving southern states in the late s because of increasing discrimination, they became known as Exodusters.

Dodge City was another wild cowboy town, and both Bat Masterson and Wyatt Earp worked as lawmen in the town. In one year alone, eight million head of cattle from Texas boarded trains in Dodge City bound for the East, earning Dodge the nickname "Queen of the Cowtowns".

In response to demands of Methodists and other evangelical Protestants, in Kansas became the first U. Kansas is bordered by Nebraska to the north; Missouri to the east; Oklahoma to the south; and Colorado to the west.

The state is divided into counties with cities , with its largest county by area being Butler County. The geographic center of the 48 contiguous states is in Smith County near Lebanon.

The geographic center of Kansas is in Barton County. Kansas is underlain by a sequence of horizontal to gently westward dipping sedimentary rocks.

A sequence of Mississippian , Pennsylvanian and Permian rocks outcrop in the eastern and southern part of the state. The state's western half has exposures of Cretaceous through Tertiary sediments, the latter derived from the erosion of the uplifted Rocky Mountains to the west.

These are underlain by older Paleozoic and Mesozoic sediments which correlate well with the outcrops to the east.

The state's northeastern corner was subjected to glaciation in the Pleistocene and is covered by glacial drift and loess. The western two-thirds of the state, lying in the great central plain of the United States, has a generally flat or undulating surface, while the eastern third has many hills and forests.

It is a common misconception that Kansas is the flattest state in the nation—in , a tongue-in-cheek study famously declared the state "flatter than a pancake".

Spring River is located between Riverton and Baxter Springs. Areas under the protection of the National Park Service include: [28]. According to the Köppen climate classification , Kansas's climate can be characterized in terms of three types: it has humid continental, semi-arid steppe, and humid subtropical.

The eastern two-thirds of the state especially the northeastern portion has a humid continental climate , with cool to cold winters and hot, often humid summers.

Most of the precipitation falls during both the summer and the spring. The western third of the state—from roughly the U. Route 83 corridor westward—has a semiarid steppe climate.

Summers are hot, often very hot, and generally less humid. Winters are highly changeable between warm and very cold.

The western region receives an average of about 16 inches millimeters of precipitation per year. Chinook winds in the winter can warm western Kansas all the way into the 80 degrees Fahrenheit 27 degrees Celsius range.

The far south-central and southeastern portions of the state, including the Wichita area, have a humid subtropical climate with hot and humid summers, milder winters, and more precipitation than elsewhere in Kansas.

Some features of all three climates can be found in most of the state, with droughts and changeable weather between dry and humid not uncommon, and both warm and cold spells in the winter.

Temperatures in areas between U. Routes 83 and 81 , as well as the southwestern portion of the state along and south of U.

High humidity added to the high temperatures sends the heat index into life-threatening territory, especially in Wichita, Hutchinson , Salina , Russell , Hays , and Great Bend.

Temperatures are often higher in Dodge City , Garden City , and Liberal , but the heat index in those three cities is usually lower than the actual air temperature.

Also, combined with humidity between 85 and 95 percent, dangerous heat indices can be experienced at every hour of the day.

Frost-free days range from more than days in the south, to days in the northwest. Thus, Kansas is the country's ninth or tenth sunniest state, depending on the source.

Western Kansas is as sunny as parts of California and Arizona. Kansas is prone to severe weather, especially in the spring and the early-summer.

Despite the frequent sunshine throughout much of the state, due to its location at a climatic boundary prone to intrusions of multiple air masses, the state is vulnerable to strong and severe thunderstorms.

Some of these storms become supercell thunderstorms; these can produce some tornadoes , occasionally those of EF3 strength or higher.

Kansas averages more than 50 tornadoes annually. Furthermore, these storms can even bring in flash flooding and damaging straight line winds.

Immigration from outside the United States resulted in a net increase of 44, people, and migration within the country produced a net loss of 65, people.

The population density of Kansas is The focus on labor-efficient grain -based agriculture—such as a large wheat farm that requires only one or a few people with large machinery to operate, rather than a vegetable farm that requires many people—is causing the de-population of rural areas across Kansas.

According to the United States Census , the racial makeup of the population was:. Ethnically As of , the population included , foreign-born 5.

Mexicans are present in the southwest and make up nearly half the population in certain counties. As of , English is the most-spoken language in Kansas, with Religion in Kansas [48].

The Pew Religious Landscape Survey showed the religious makeup of adults in Kansas was as follows: [48]. Kansas's capital Topeka is sometimes cited as the home of Pentecostalism as it was the site of Charles Fox Parham 's Bethel Bible College , where glossolalia was first claimed as the evidence of a spiritual experience referred to as the baptism of the Holy Spirit in They have sometimes successfully raised lawsuits against the city of Topeka.

Known as rural flight , the last few decades have been marked by a migratory pattern out of the countryside into cities.

In Kansas alone, there are more than 6, ghost towns and dwindling communities, [51] according to one Kansas historian, Daniel C.

At the same time, some of the communities in Johnson County metropolitan Kansas City are among the fastest-growing in the country.

Kansas has incorporated cities. By state statute, cities are divided into three classes as determined by the population obtained "by any census of enumeration".

A city of the third class has a population of less than 5,, but cities reaching a population of more than 2, may be certified as a city of the second class.

The second class is limited to cities with a population of less than 25,, and upon reaching a population of more than 15,, they may be certified as a city of the first class.

First and second class cities are independent of any township and are not included within the township's territory. Note: Births in table don't add up, because Hispanics are counted both by their ethnicity and by their race, giving a higher overall number.

The northeastern portion of the state, extending from the eastern border to Junction City and from the Nebraska border to south of Johnson County is home to more than 1.

Overland Park , a young city incorporated in , has the largest population and the largest land area in the county.

It is home to Johnson County Community College and the corporate campus of Sprint Nextel , the largest private employer in the metro area. In , the city was ranked as the sixth best place to live in America; the neighboring city of Olathe was 13th.

Olathe is the county seat and home to Johnson County Executive Airport. The cities of Olathe, Shawnee , De Soto and Gardner have some of the state's fastest growing populations.

Among cities with at least one thousand residents, Mission Hills has the highest median income in the state. Several institutions of higher education are located in Northeast Kansas including Baker University the oldest university in the state, founded in and affiliated with the United Methodist Church in Baldwin City, Benedictine College sponsored by St.

Benedict's Abbey and Mount St. Scholastica Monastery and formed from the merger of St. Benedict's College and Mount St. Less than an hour's drive to the west, Lawrence is home to the University of Kansas , the largest public university in the state, and Haskell Indian Nations University.

To the north, Kansas City , with the second largest land area in the state, contains a number of diverse ethnic neighborhoods. Further up the Missouri River , the city of Lansing is the home of the state's first maximum-security prison.

Historic Leavenworth , founded in , was the first incorporated city in Kansas. The city of Atchison was an early commercial center in the state and is well known as the birthplace of Amelia Earhart.

To the west, nearly a quarter million people reside in the Topeka metropolitan area. Built at a Kansas River crossing along the old Oregon Trail , this historic city has several nationally registered historic places.

Further westward along Interstate 70 and the Kansas River is Junction City with its historic limestone and brick buildings and nearby Fort Riley , well known as the home to the U.

A short distance away, the city of Manhattan is home to Kansas State University , the second-largest public university in the state and the nation's oldest land-grant university, dating back to South of the campus, Aggieville dates back to and is the state's oldest shopping district of its kind.

In south-central Kansas, the Wichita metropolitan area is home to more than , people. Wichita's population growth has grown by double digits and the surrounding suburbs are among the fastest growing cities in the state.

Wichita was one of the first cities to add the city commissioner and city manager in their form of government. Up river the Arkansas River from Wichita is the city of Hutchinson.

The city was built on one of the world's largest salt deposits, and it has the world's largest and longest wheat elevator. North of Wichita along Interstate is the city of Newton , the former western terminal of the Santa Fe Railroad and trailhead for the famed Chisholm Trail.

The city of Udall was the site of the deadliest tornado in Kansas on May 25, ; it killed 80 people in and near the city.

Located midway between Kansas City, Topeka, and Wichita in the heart of the Bluestem Region of the Flint Hills , the city of Emporia has several nationally registered historic places and is the home of Emporia State University , well known for its Teachers College.

It was also the home of newspaper man William Allen White. Southeast Kansas has a unique history with a number of nationally registered historic places in this coal-mining region.

The neighboring city of Frontenac in was the site of the worst mine disaster in the state in which an underground explosion killed 47 miners.

Along with the restored fort, historic Fort Scott has a national cemetery designated by President Lincoln in Salina is the largest city in central and north-central Kansas.

South of Salina is the small city of Lindsborg with its numerous Dala horses. Much of the architecture and decor of this town has a distinctly Swedish style.

To the east along Interstate 70 , the historic city of Abilene was formerly a trailhead for the Chisholm Trail and was the boyhood home of President Dwight D.

Eisenhower , and is the site of his Presidential Library and the tombs of the former President, First Lady and son who died in infancy.

Westward along the Interstate, the city of Russell , traditionally the beginning of sparsely-populated northwest Kansas, was the base of former U.

Senator Bob Dole and the boyhood home of U. Senator Arlen Specter. The city of Hays is home to Fort Hays State University and the Sternberg Museum of Natural History, and is the largest city in the northwest with a population of around 20, Dodge City , famously known for the cattle drive days of the late 19th century, was built along the old Santa Fe Trail route.

The city of Liberal is located along the southern Santa Fe Trail route. The first wind farm in the state was built east of Montezuma.

Garden City has the Lee Richardson Zoo. In , a short-lived secessionist movement advocated the secession of several counties in southwest Kansas.

Total Employment of the metropolitan areas in the State of Kansas by total Non-farm Employment in [66]. Total Number of employer establishments in 74, [68].

As of , there were 59, farms in Kansas, 86 0. By far, the most significant agricultural crop in the state is wheat. Eastern Kansas is part of the Grain Belt , an area of major grain production in the central United States.

The industrial outputs are transportation equipment, commercial and private aircraft, food processing, publishing, chemical products, machinery, apparel, petroleum, and mining.

Kansas is ranked eighth in US petroleum production. Production has experienced a steady, natural decline as it becomes increasingly difficult to extract oil over time.

Since oil prices bottomed in , oil production in Kansas has remained fairly constant, with an average monthly rate of about 2.

The recent higher prices have made carbon dioxide sequestration and other oil recovery techniques more economical. Kansas is also ranked eighth in US natural gas production.

Production has steadily declined since the mids with the gradual depletion of the Hugoton Natural Gas Field —the state's largest field which extends into Oklahoma and Texas.

In , slower declines in the Hugoton gas fields and increased coalbed methane production contributed to a smaller overall decline.

The state's economy is also heavily influenced by the aerospace industry. Boeing ended a decades-long history of manufacturing in Kansas between and Telephone company Embarq formerly had its national headquarters in Overland Park before its acquisition by CenturyTel in , and still employs several hundred people in Gardner.

Approximately 25, active duty soldiers and airmen are stationed at these bases which also employ approximately 8, civilian DoD employees.

The US Army Reserve also has the st Expeditionary Sustainment Command headquartered in Wichita that serves reservists and their units from around the region.

The Smoky Hill Weapons Range, a detachment of the Intelligence Wing, is one of the largest and busiest bombing ranges in the nation.

Many of those airfields live on today as municipal airports. Tax is collected by the Kansas Department of Revenue. Some increase in debt was expected as the state continues with its year Comprehensive Transportation Program enacted in In , Kansas had three income brackets for income tax calculation, ranging from 3.

The state sales tax in Kansas is 6. Various cities and counties in Kansas have an additional local sales tax. Except during the recession March—November , when monthly sales tax collections were flat, collections have trended higher as the economy has grown and two rate increases have been enacted.

The state sales tax is a combined destination-based tax, meaning a single tax is applied that includes state, county, and local taxes, and the rate is based on where the consumer takes possession of the goods or services.

Thanks to the destination structure and the numerous local special taxing districts, Kansas has separate sales tax rates ranging from 6.

All sales tax collected is remitted to the state department of revenue, and local taxes are then distributed to the various taxing agencies. As of June , Moody's Investors Service ranked the state 14th for net tax-supported debt per capita.

As a percentage of personal income, it was at 3. The state has a statutory requirement to maintain cash reserves of at least 7.

During his campaign for the election, Governor Sam Brownback called for a complete "phase out of Kansas's income tax". He made cuts to education and some state services to offset lost revenue.

From to , , businesses were considered to be pass-through income entities and benefited from the tax exemption.

The tax reform "encouraged tens of thousands of Kansans to claim their wages and salaries as income from a business rather than from employment.

The economic growth that Brownback anticipated never materialized. He argued that it was because of "low wheat and oil prices and a downturn in aircraft sales".

Only 26 percent of Kansas voters approved of his job performance, compared to 65 percent who said they did not.

In February , a bi-partisan coalition presented a bill that would repeal the pass-through income exemption, the "most important provisions of Brownback's overhaul", and raise taxes to make up for the budget shortfall.

Brownback vetoed the bill but "45 GOP legislators had voted in favor of the increase, while 40 voted to uphold the governor's veto. Spur routes serve as connections between the two major routes.

I , a north—south route, connects I at Wichita to I at Salina. I , a southwest—northeast route, connects I at Emporia to I at Topeka.

I and portions of I and I make up the Kansas Turnpike. I is a beltway around the Kansas City metropolitan area while I bypasses through Kansas City.

Kansas also has the country's third largest state highway system after Texas and California. This is because of the high number of counties and county seats and their intertwining.

Weather and road condition information is updated every 15 minutes. Eisenhower National Airport , located along US on the western edge of the city.

For those in the far western part of the state, Denver International Airport is a popular option. Plans call for shortening the route to Los Angeles to Albuquerque.

Thruway buses would replace the train on the route between Albuquerque and Dodge City, where train service east to Chicago would resume.

Executive branch : The executive branch consists of one officer and five elected officers. The governor and lieutenant governor are elected on the same ticket.

The attorney general, secretary of state, state treasurer, and state insurance commissioner are each elected separately.

Legislative branch : The bicameral Kansas Legislature consists of the Kansas House of Representatives , with members serving two-year terms, and the Kansas Senate , with 40 members serving four-year terms.

Judicial branch : The judicial branch of the state government is headed by the Kansas Supreme Court. The court has seven judges. A vacancy is filled by the Governor picking one of three nominees selected by the nine-member Kansas Supreme Court Nominating Commission.

The board consists of five Kansas lawyers elected by other Kansas lawyers and four members selected by the governor.

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